I’ve been bringing you a number of health related stories because there are more Americans struggling with their weight and not getting enough exercise, according to the top medical experts at Mayo Clinic.

A high sugar diet can contribute to diabetes (Photo by Luis Ascui/Getty Images)

I recently brought a report on the dangers of a high sugar and fat diet, but I didn’t specifically address one of the most serious health conditions which is Type 2 diabetes.

It’s a condition that happens because of a problem in the way the body regulates and uses sugar as a fuel.
That sugar also is called glucose. This long-term condition results in too much sugar circulating in the blood. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

In type 2 diabetes, there are primarily two problems. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into the cells. And cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar.
Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, but both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can begin during childhood and adulthood.
Type 2 is more common in older adults. But the increase in the number of children with obesity has led to more cases of type 2 diabetes in younger people.
There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes. Losing weight, eating well and exercising can help manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to control blood sugar, diabetes medications or insulin therapy may be recommended.

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Be aware of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes because they often develop slowly.
In fact, you can be living with type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. When symptoms are present, they may include:
• Increased thirst.
• Frequent urination.
• Increased hunger.
• Unintended weight loss.
• Fatigue.
• Blurred vision.
• Slow-healing sores.
• Frequent infections.
• Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
• Areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck.