Recreational Marijuana is still fairly new in Montana, but some may be wondering if they can smoke cannabis legally.

Lt. Matt Lennick with the Billings Police Department says people are allowed to smoke weed on their porch as long as it is on private property. Those smoking marijuana must also be at least 21 years old or older. Police get involved if someone smoking outside is under 21 or if they have reason to believe there is reckless or illegal activity present. 

According to the Montana Department of Health and Human Services, adult use of marijuana is prohibited on federal lands and water. It is also illegal to have weed in hospitals or other healthcare facilities unless it is for medical purposes. As of January 1, 2022, criminal charges of marijuana possession of less than one ounce do not apply under state law for ages 21 and up. Adults may also plant or cultivate marijuana plants of up to four seedlings. 

But what about neighboring states like Wyoming and Idaho? Wyoming is one of the few states that still criminalize adults who use cannabis. A bill was proposed in 2022 to create the Wyoming Patient Cannabis Act, which will allow operations for medical marijuana dispensaries. Another bill was made to decriminalize marijuana in the state possibly. These bills could lead to a possible promise to pass policy reform in 2023.

 The Idaho Office of Drug Policy classified marijuana as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. It is illegal for anyone to possess, deliver, purchase and manufacture weed with the intent to distribute. It is also illegal to be publically under the influence of marijuana. Penalties can include a fine of 2,500 dollars or a felony charge. If a person is convinced, it could mean imprisonment in a penitentiary for several years. Being under the influence of any substance on private and public property is illegal in Idaho.